Cognitive behavioral therapy is the process of recognizing distorted thoughts and reframing/correcting cognitive distortions. Cognitive therapy is predicated on the understanding that distorted thoughts affect our moods and our interpretation of events.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is represented in a pyramid. The most basic human needs are at the bottom of the pyramid, with more complex needs at the top.
The bottom portions of the pyramid represent basic needs, the middle portions represent our psychological needs, and the top represents our self-fulfillment needs. In the 1960s and 1970s, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs was expanded to include cognitive needs, aesthetic needs, and transcendence needs.
Physiologic needs include having air, water, food, shelter, sleep, clothing.
Safety needs include protection from the elements, security, order, law, stability, and freedom from fear.